Empiricists have tried to extract the foundations for their teaching from direct observation. The conclusion should be drawn from a number of identical cases observed under the same conditions; everything that is accidental should be excluded from observation and only constant, unchanging should be kept. That is why the seizures were divided into ordinary and accidental. Such observations are held in memory for comparison with the case to be investigated; such a comparison is called. theorem, direct observation by autopsy.
Everyone has to observe not all important cases himself, therefore one should resort to someone else's experience.
To these sources of knowledge, later empiricists added epilogism, or the search for a connection between cause and effect; analogism was the comparison of like with like. Empiricists deliberately rejected the scientific foundations of M .; therefore they did not make any important discoveries; their leaders - Filin, Serapion, Zeux and others - appeared in their works. against father M. The empiricists have only one merit: following the direction of the century, they studied poisons and antidotes. The motivation for this kind of research came from the kings. Attalus, the last king of Pergamum, but especially Mithridates Eupator, were famous for their knowledge in this regard.
The honor of introducing scientific M. in Rome belongs to Asclepiades. He tried to heal, giving pleasure: prescribed baths, walks, and generally pleasantly acting remedies. His theoretical views were just as convenient; he took advantage of the then dominant system of Epicurus and applied it to M., explaining all diseases with it. Thanks to him, M. enjoyed universal respect. A disciple of Asklepiada, Temizon, was the founder of the school of methods, which had the most followers among the Roman doctors. Like the empiricists, the methodology refused to know the hidden aspects of phenomena; they set out to study that common in disease, which lends itself to study through external senses.JOHN ALEXANDER